Agro-ecological Potential
ThClimateithmaiagriculturazonesis semi-arid  with  a  mean  rainfall  average  of  350  500mm  per  annum.  The  main  rainy  season extendfrom  ApritSeptemberFocropping purpose there are two season, Gu’ (April and May) and Karan (late July and September) in the western regions;  and  Gu’  (April  and  May)  and  Deyr (September  and  October)  in  the  eastern  regions. The  western  regions  of  Somaliland  receive  the highest  rainfall,  which  reaches  over  500mm  p.a. and is adequate to support production of drylands crops.  In  thTogdheer  and  Sanaag  regions, agricultural  production  is  mainly  by  irrigation through use of floodwater and sand dams.
The irrigable land limited by low availability of water. The irrigation potential in western Somaliland estimated at 4,000 ha while data  for the central and eastern parts of the country is not available. The irrigation potential for the whole country is much higher once the central and eastern regions taken into consideration in addition to surface runoharvesting, sand dams, ground water and rainwater harvesting.

The  sector  is  predominantly  subsistence through  rain-fed  production  of  cereals  mainly SorghumMaizanCowpeas.  Thirrigated agriculture  has  a  commercial  component througproductioansellinovegetables such  as  Tomatoes.  Cabbage,  Watermelon, Muskmelon, Hot paper ( Chili)  and fruits such as  oranges  and  mangoes.  Guava,  Lemon  Rain- fed  farming  accounts  for  90%  and  irrigation 10%  of  all  agricultural  activities.  Smallholder farmers  dominate  the  agriculture  sector  with relatively  small  farm  sizes  ranging  from  2 30 ha  with  an  average  of  4  ha.  Total  agricultural production  is  still  low  hence  cannot  meet  the domestic cereal and grain requirements.
Types of Agricultural Systems that currently Available in Somaliland, Agro-pastoral Rain-fed Agriculture, Pump fed Irrigated Agriculture, Spate Irrigated Agriculture.